Explain the following with respect to table creation in XHTML documents

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Explain the following, with respect to table creation in XHTML documents?

i) table ii)tr, th and td attributes iii)rowspan and colspan attributes iv) text decoration v)span and div.

By:Rajiv

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Answers

A table is a matrix of cells, each possibly having content. The cells can include almost any element some cells have row or column labels and some have data. A table is specified as the content of a <table> tag which is a block tag. A border attribute in the <table> tag specifies a border between the cells. Rule specifies the lines that separate the cells. If border is set to ―orderǁ ,the browser‘s default width border is used. The border attribute can be set to a number, which will be the border width in pixels(0 is no border no rules).

ii)tr, th and td attributes

Each row of a table is specified as the content of a <tr> tag. The row headings are specified as the content of a <th> tag. The contents of a data cell is specified as the content of a <td> tag. The empty cell is specified with a table header tag that includes no content

<th> </th>.

<body>

<table border = "border">

<caption> fruit juice drinks </caption>

<tr>

<th> </th>

<th> Apple </th>

<th> Mango </th>

<th> Strawberry </th>

</tr>

</table>

iii)rowspan and colspan attributes

A table can have two levels column labels and also row labels. If so, the colspan attribute must be set in the

<th> tag to specify that the label must span some number of columns.

<tr>

<th colspan = "3"> Fruit Juice Drinks </th>

</tr>

<tr>

<th> Orange </th>

<th> Apple </th>

<th> Screwdriver </th>

</tr>

<caption> fruit juice drinks </caption>

<tr> <td rowspan="2">

</td>

<th colspan="3">Juices chart</th>

</tr> <tr>

<th> </th>

iv) text decoration

The text-decoration property is used to specify some special features of text. The available values are line-through, overline, underline, and none, which is the default. Many browsers implicitly underline links. The none value can be used to avoid this underlining. Note that text-decoration is not inherited. The following document, decoration.html, illustrates the linethrough, overline, and underline values:


Rajiv

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