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In what ways did the colonial rule and laws change the lives of peasants? socialstudies-cbse-class-9

In what ways did the colonial rule and laws change the lives of peasants?


Asked On2017-07-24 05:16:56 by:tarun101

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Since the government wanted to transform all grazing lands into agricultural lands to increase their revenues, the pastoralist lands were converted to agricultural lands. Thus, the pastoralist lands shrank considerably. Various Forest Acts were passed in the nineteenth century. These Acts declared many forests as reserved forests. Further, the pastoralists had to take permission from the government to graze their cattle in protected forests. The movements of the pastoral communities were thus restricted, regulated and watched over. They could not spend more than the stipulated number of days which were granted to them in the forests. Imposition of restrictions on grazing lands created a shortage of forage for animals. The problem became acute during famines where animals died in large  numbers. The British government taxed almost every commodity to increase its revenues. So, taxes were imposed even on cattle.  Pastoralists had to pay taxes on every animal which grazed in pastures. As a result, the number of cattle possessed by them drastically reduced. Some pastoralists were able to cope with colonial changes. While some reduced the number of cattle which they owned, some discovered new grazing lands. Rich pastoralists bought lands and settled at one place. However, many poor pastoralists got into the vicious cycle of debt and lost their cattle.

Answerd on:2017-07-26 Answerd By:Fututron

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