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Business-studies-CBSE-class-12-2017-->View question

Identify and explain any two techniques of scientific management used by Riya to solve the problem. -Business studies cbse 2017 class 12

Sanket, after completing his entrepreneurship course from USA returned to India and started a coffee shop Fioma Coffee in a famous mall in Mumbai. The speciality of the coffee shop was the special aroma of coffee and a wide variety of flavours to choose from. Somehow, the business was neither profitable nor popular. Sanket was keen to find out the reason. He appointed Riya, an MBA from a reputed management institute as a manager to find out the causes of the business not doing well. Riya, took a feedback from the clients and found out that though they loved the special unique aroma of coffee but were not happy with the long waiting time being taken to process the order. She analysed and found out that there were many unnecessary obstructions which could be eliminated. She fixed a standard time for processing the order. She also realised that there were many flavours whose demand was not enough. So, she also decided to discontinue the sale of such flavours. As a result, within a short period  was able to attract the customers. Identify and explain any two techniques of scientific management used by Riya to solve the problem.

Asked On2017-07-19 05:31:16 by:milan-ransingh

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Riya analysed and found that there were many unnecessary obstructions which could be solved through fixing standard time and discontinuing the sale of flavours not demanded in the market. Hence, Riya adopted the following two techniques of scientific management to solve the problem of the business:
i. Time Study: According to this technique, there must be a standard time limit for the completion of a task. With repeated observations with regard to time taken in completing a task, a standard limit is set. This helps in deciding the number of employees which would be required in completing a task. For example, if it is observed that one person can manufacture one unit of a commodity in two hours, then in a working day of 8 hours, each worker can manufacture 4 units of the commodity.
ii. Simplification and Standardization of Work: Standardization refers to a process wherein standards are set for any production activity. The standard is then used as a benchmark for evaluating the tasks done. In simplification, unnecessary varieties in design, size etc. which add to the cost should be avoided. This technique aims at full and efficient utilization of resources, reducing inventories and increasing the turnover.

Answerd on:2017-07-20 Answerd By:Aparna-Dasgupta

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