What are the two major sources of human capital in a country Economics CBSE class 11 ncert

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What are the two major sources of human capital in a country? -Economics CBSE class 11 ncert

Book: Indian Economic Development
Chapter 5: Human Capital Formation in India
(NCERT textbook questions)


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Two major sources of human capital in a country:

Educational investment: Human resource development is the different aspects of development of people through investment in education. A well-planned system of education brings balanced development in an economy. Educational investment enables one to develop intellectual skills, earn higher income, make better choices in life and provides knowledge to understand the changes taking place in society to stimulate innovation. It provides better social standing and pride. It not only enables higher earning capacity but also helps to seek highly valued benefits. The quality of human resources is determined by the level of investment in education. So, higher the educational investment, faster is the economic development of a nation.
Health investment: The role of health in the development of human capital is vital. To prevent a population from being a liability of a country, the government must pay adequate attention towards the health of the public. This is possible only with government investment on health infrastructure. Educated people will invest in their child's health and education, thus coming up with a bright future for the nation. The level of income earned increases with the growth of investment on health because the productive capacity of the working population depends on health investment. Over the last few decades, India has developed health infrastructure and manpower at all levels of government and private health care centres. This enables to progress in improving the health of the population. 


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