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CBSE-english-2016-->View question

Read the passage and answer the following :CBSE-english-2016

The death of Dr Christian Barnard, the famous transplant surgeon, has occurred at a time
when many of his modern counterparts are facing difficulties. Many of the early problems,
such as tissue rejection, have, to a great extent, now been solved, thanks to the introduction
of new drugs. However, there remains a major problem. The people in need of transplant
surgery far outnumber the available organs.
The shortage of organ donors has caused several doctors to call for urgent improvements
to be made to the system by which organs are donated. Many countries, such as Britain,
have huge waiting lists of people whose lives could be saved by being given a kidney, lung,
heart, or liver transplant. Sadly, many of them die before they reach the top of those lists.
Under the present British scheme, people are asked to carry donor cards, and/or put their
names on the national donor register. Thus, if they lose their lives suddenly, for example, in
a traffic accident, they have given permission in advance of their deaths for their organs to
be used. If they have not done so, surgeons are faced with the task of asking the distraught
next-of-kin for permission to use the organs of the deceased. Of course, often the relatives
are too upset even to think of such a thing until it is too late. Organ transplants have to take
place quite soon after the death of the donor.
Dying and donating organs is not something most of us like to think about, and only about
14% of people have registered. Now, it has been suggested that, instead of the present
register, there should be a register of people who wish to opt out of having their organs
removed for transplant surgery. Increasing the number of donors is made more difficult
because it is such an emotive issue. Just 11 recently, an article in the Journal of the
American Medical Association showed that half of the families in the United States refused,
when asked for permission to use the organs of their loved ones.


1. Why do modern doctors face difficulties in transplant surgery?
2. Why do patients in need of organs meet an unfortunate end?
3. Why are many people reluctant to donate organs?
4. The word ‘distraught’ in the third paragraph means
a. selfish
b. angry
c. happy
d. upset
5. How is carrying donor cards helpful?



Asked On2017-07-12 06:41:03 by:13priya

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Answers
1. Modern doctors face difficulties in transplant surgeries because people in need of transplant surgery far outnumber the available organs.

2. Patients in need of organs meet an unfortunate end as most of them die before they reach the top of the list of people waiting for transplants.

3. Dying and donating organs is not something most of us like to think about. Many people are reluctant to donate organs as it is an emotive issue.

4. The word ‘distraught’ in the third paragraph means ‘upset’.

5. If you have a donor card and you suddenly lose a life in an accident, you have given permission in advance of your death for your organs to be used. This saves the doctors from asking the next-of-kin for permission to use the organs of the deceased.

Answerd on:2017-07-13 Answerd By:Fututron

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