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Causes and effects of earthquake. (Jan-2013) (July 2014)

Causes and effects of earthquake. (Jan-2013) (July 2014)

Asked On2017-05-16 19:46:31 by:Rajiv

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Earthquake refers to the sudden violent movement of the earth’s crust. It creates seismic waves. It often causes great destruction. Its causes and effects are mentioned below.

Causes of Earthquakes

The important causes of the earthquake are:

Natural Causes of Earthquake:

  1. Tectonic Movement: This particularly happens when the continental plate collides against the oceanic plate. The oceanic plate is overridden by the continental plate. By a process called subduction jerky movements are caused along the inclined surface. Tectonic earthquakes have occurred in Assam in 1950.
  2. Volcanic Activity: Earthquakes may also be caused by the movement of lava beneath the surface of the earth during volcanic activity. The earthquakes due to Krakatoa volcanic eruption in 1883 is a good example of volcanic eruption.
  3. Dislocation of the Earth’s crust:Earthquakes may be caused by the dislocation of the crust beneath the surface of the Earth.
  4. Adjustment in inner Rock Beds:Earthquakes are also caused where is an adjustment between Sima [i.e., beneath the ocean is formed by Silica and Magnesium = Si + ma = Sima] and Sial (i.e., Continent is formed by Silica and Aluminium = Si + al = Sial) in the interior of the Earth’s Crust. This Earthquake may be called as a Plutonic Earthquake.
  5. Pressure of gases in the interior: The expansion and contraction of gases in the interior of the Earth sometimes cause a sudden shake on the Earth’s surface.
  6. Other Causes:
    1. Landslides and avalanches,
    2. Denudation of the Landmasses and depositions of materials,
    3. Faulting and folding in the rock beds are responsible for causing minor earthquakes.

Answerd on:2017-05-20 Answerd By:Shikhil

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