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CY2111-Engineering-Chemistry-->View question

Discuss the construction and working of nickel- metal hydride battery.

Discuss the construction and working of nickel- metal hydride battery.                

Asked On2017-06-12 06:27:02 by:tarun101

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Nickel-metal hydride batteries consist of a positive plate containing nickel hydroxide as its principal active material, a negative plate mainly composed of hydrogen-absorbing alloys, a separator made of fine fibers, an alkaline electrolyte, a metal case and a sealing plate provided with a self-resealing safety vent. Their basic structure is identical to that of Ni-Cd batteries. With cylindrical nickel-metal hydride batteries, the positive and negative plates are seperated by the separator, wound into a coil, inserted into the case, and sealed by the sealing plate through an electrically insulated gasket.

Principle of Electrochemical Reaction Involved in Batteries:
Nickel-metal hydride batteries employ nickel hydroxide for the positive electrode similar to Ni-Cd batteries. The hydrogen is stored in a hydrogen-absorbing alloy for the negative electrode, and an aqueous solution consisting mainly of potassium hydroxide for the electrolyte. Their charge and discharge reactions are shown below.

As can be seen by the overall reaction given above, the chief characteristics of the principle behind a nickel-metal hydride battery is that hydrogen moves from the positive to negative electrode during charge and reverse during discharge, with the electrolyte taking no part in the reaction; which means that there is no accompanying increase or decrease in the electrolyte

Answerd on:2017-06-27 Answerd By:Aparna-Dasgupta

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