Explain briefly the scope of the following Civil Engineering fields i Structural Engineering ii Geotechnical Engineering

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Explain briefly the scope of the following Civil Engineering fields. i) Structural Engineering ii) Geotechnical Engineering

Elements of civil engineering and engineering mechanics


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A civil engineer has to conceive, plan, estimate, get approval, create and maintain all civil engineering
activities. Civil engineer has very important role in the development of the following infrastructure:
(i) Measure and map the earth’s surface.
(ii) Plan new townships and extension of existing towns.
(iii) Build the suitable structures for the rural and urban areas for various utilities.
(iv) Build tanks and dams to exploit water resources.
(v) Build river navigation and flood control projects.
(vi) Build canals and distributaries to take water to agricultural fields.
(vii) Purify and supply water to the needy areas like houses, schools, offices etc.

Geotechnical engineering is the branch of civil engineering concerned with the engineering behavior of earth materials. Geotechnical engineering is important in civil engineering, but also has applications in military, mining, petroleum and other engineering disciplines that are concerned with construction occurring on the surface or within the ground. Geotechnical engineering uses principles of soil mechanics and rock mechanics to investigate subsurface conditions and materials; determine the relevant physical/mechanical and chemical properties of these materials; evaluate stability of natural history slopes and man-made soil deposits; assess risks posed by site conditions; design earthworks and structure foundations; and monitor site conditions, earthwork and foundation construction.


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