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CDSE-ENGLISH-2019-->View question

Directions : In this section you have few short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First , read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

Passage - I
From 1600 to 1757 the East India Company's role in India was that of a trading corporation which brought goods or precious metals into India and exchanged them for Indian goods like textiles and spices, which it sold abroad. Its profits came primarily from the sale of Indian goods abroad. Naturally, it tried constantly to open new markets for Indian goods in Britain and other countries. Thereby, it increased the export of Indian manufacturers, and thus encouraged their production. This is the reason why Indian rulers tolerated and even encouraged their production. This is the reason why Indian rulers tolerated and even encouraged the establishment of the Company's factories in India. But, from the very beginning, the British manufacturers were jealous of the popularity that India textiles enjoyed in Britain. All of a sudden, dress fashions changed and light cotton textiles began to replace the coarse woolens of the English. Before, the author of the famous novel, Robinson Crusoe, complained that Indian cloth had 'crept into our houses, our closets and bed chambers; curtains, cushions , chairs and at last beds themselves were nothing but calicos or India stuffs'. The British manufacturers put pressure on their government to restrict and prohibit the sale of Indian goods in England. By 1720 a lady had to
 
pay a fine of 200 for possessing an imported handkerchief! Moreover, heavy duties were imposed on the import of plain cloth. Other European countries, except Holland, also either prohibited the import of plain cloth. Other European countries, except Holland, also either prohibited the import of Indian cloth or imposed heavy import duties. In spite of these laws, however, Indian silk and cotton textiles still held their own in foreign markets, until the middle of the eighteenth century when the English textile industry began to develop on the basis of new and advanced technology.


51. The East India Company was encouraging the export of Indian manufacturers because
1. it was a philanthropic trading corporation
2. it wanted Indian manufacturers to prosper in trade and commerce
3. it profited from the sale of Indian goods in foreign markets
4. it feared Indian Kings who would not permit them trade in India.


52. The people of England used Indian cloths because
1. they loved foreign and imported clothes
2. the Indian textile was light cotton
3. the Indian cloths were cheaper
4. the Indian cloths could be easily transported


53. What did the British manufacturer do to compete with the Indian manufacturers?
1. They pressurized the government to levy heavy duties on export of Indian clothes
2. They pressurized the government to levy heavy duties on import Indian clothes
3. They requested people to change their fashion preferences
4. They lowered the prices of the Britain made textile


54. Which source is cited by the author to argue that Indian textile was in huge demand in 18th century England?
 
1. The archival source
2. The scientific source
3. The journalistic source
4. The literary source


55. New and advanced technology in the paragraph refers to
1. The French Revolution
2. the Glorious Revolution of England
3. the Industrial Revolution
4. the beginning of colonialism



Asked On2019-07-11 09:38:58 by:KAPILJHADE

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