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Answer all the following questions within the word limits indicated in the brackets at the end of the questions:

What are the two major legal initiatives by the State since Independence, addressing discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs) ? (150 words)


Asked On2019-06-27 15:41:58 by:RSHAH12

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As such there are three primary ways to introduce an answer: 1) Define 2) Origin 3) Data. You can pad the answer by giving both Definitions of ST + Origin of their problems which necessitated the enactment of laws.

Scheduled Tribes (STs)(# are social groups recognized by the Indian Constitution for their primitive traits, distinctive culture, shyness of contact with the community at large and geographical isolation. [AND / OR]

(Origin of the Problem) Since ancient times, Scheduled Tribes (STs)(#) resided in distinctive habitats in the hill and forest areas. But due to the commercial interests of the British empire, moneylenders and outsiders, their land rights and forest rights were alienated. Consequently, majority of them suffer from the problems of health, nutrition, education and income.

After independence, Government of India undertook following legal initiatives to address aforementioned problems:


The STs in particular, face following atrocities namely- denial of forest rights, preventing candidates from filing of nomination in election, accusation of witchcraft, disrobing of women and sexual harassment, defiling their sacred places and forest deities, imposing social or economic boycott, abusing them through words, acts or gesture. (SEE? I again padded up the answer by providing ‘preamble / motive’ behind this act, instead of directly writing the salient features.)

This act aims to prevent and punish all such atrocities against the SCs and STs by persons other than the SCs and STs. Notable features are:

Special court has to finish the trial within two months.

Presumption to the offences i.e. If the accused knew the victim, then court will presume that the accused was aware of victim’s tribal identity unless proved otherwise. 

Willful negligence of public servants also punishable.

Protection to the victim and witnesses;

Stringent punishment for the convict. Relief and rehabilitation for victim and his/her family.


Answerd on:2019-07-03 Answerd By:ChocoLite

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