What is meant by request DispatcherHow the interface is used in java What are the methods

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The RequestDispatcher interface provides the facility of dispatching the request to another resource it may be html, servlet or jsp. This interface can also be used to include the content of another resource also. It is one of the way of servlet collaboration.

There are two methods defined in the RequestDispatcher interface.


Methods of RequestDispatcher interface

The RequestDispatcher interface provides two methods. They are:

  1. public void forward(ServletRequest request,ServletResponse response)throws ServletException,java.io.IOException:Forwards a request from a servlet to another resource (servlet, JSP file, or HTML file) on the server.
  2. public void include(ServletRequest request,ServletResponse response)throws ServletException,java.io.IOException:Includes the content of a resource (servlet, JSP page, or HTML file) in the response.

forward() method of RequestDispatcher interface

As you see in the above figure, response of second servlet is sent to the client. Response of the first servlet is not displayed to the user.


include() method of RequestDispatcher interface

As you can see in the above figure, response of second servlet is included in the response of the first servlet that is being sent to the client.

How to get the object of RequestDispatcher

The getRequestDispatcher() method of ServletRequest interface returns the object of RequestDispatcher.


Answerd By:Rohit498

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