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You are here:Open notes-->Anna-University-->CY2111-Engineering-Chemistry

CY2111 Engineering Chemistry

How to study this subject

AIM
To impart a sound knowledge on the principles of chemistry involving the different
application oriented topics required for all engineering branches.
OBJECTIVES
• The student should be conversant with the principles water characterization and
 treatment of potable and industrial purposes.
• Principles of polymer chemistry and engineering applications of polymers
• Industrial applications of surface chemistry
• Conventional and non-conventional energy sources and energy storage devices and
 Chemistry of engineering materials
UNIT I WATER TECHNOLOGY 9
Characteristics – alkalinity – types of alkalinity and determination – hardness – types and
estimation by EDTA method (problems); Domestic water treatment – disinfection
methods (Chlorination, ozonation. UV treatment) – Boiler feed water – requirements –
disadvantages of using hard water in boilers – internal conditioning (phosphate, calgon
and carbonate conditioning methods) – external conditioning – demineralization process
– desalination and reverse osmosis. 7
UNIT II POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES 9
Polymers-definition – polymerization – types – addition and condensation polymerization
– free radical polymerization mechanism – Plastics, classification – preparation,
properties and uses of PVC, Teflon, polycarbonate, polyurethane, nylon-6,6, PETRubber
-vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers – buty1 rubber, SBR, Composites –
definition, types polymer matrix composites – FRP only.
UNIT III SURFACE CHEMISTRY 9
Adsorption – types – adsorption of gases on solids – adsorption isotherms – Frendlich
and Langmuir isotherms – adsorption of solutes from solution – role of adsorbents in
catalysis, ion-exchange adsorption and pollution abatement.
UNIT IV NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES AND
 STORAGE DEVICES 9
Nuclear energy – fission and fusion reactions and light water nuclear reactor for power
generation (block diagram only) – breeder reactor – solar energy conversion – solar cells
– wind energy – fuel cells – hydrogen – oxygen fuel cell – batteries – alkaline batteries –
lead–acid, nickel–cadmium and lithium batteries.

UNIT V ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9
Refractories – classification – acidic, basic and neutral refractories – properties
(refractoriness, refractoriness under load, dimensional stability, porosity, thermal
spalling) – manufacture of alumina, magnesite and zirconia bricks, Abrasives – natural
and synthetic abrasives – quartz, corundum, emery, garnet, diamond, silicon carbide
and boron carbide. Lubricants – mechanism of lubrication, liquid lubricants, - properties
– viscosity index, flash and fire points, cloud and pour points, oilyness) – solid lubricants
– graphite and molybdenum sulphide. Nanomaterials – introduction to nanochemistry –
carbon nanotubes and their applications

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. P.C.Jain and Monica Jain, “Engineering Chemistry” Dhanpat Rai Pub, Co., New
Delhi (2002).
2. S.S. Dara “A text book of engineering chemistry” S.Chand & Co.Ltd., New Delhi
(2006).
REFERENCES:
1. B.K.Sharma “Engineering chemistry” Krishna Prakasan Media (P) Ltd., Meerut
(2001).
2. B. Sivasankar “Engineering Chemistry” Tata McGraw-Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New Delhi
(2008). 


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