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You are here:Open notes-->sexology-->THE-KAMA-SUTRA-OF-VATSYAYANA-Part-20
THE KAMA SUTRA OF VATSYAYANA Part-20
Different Kinds of Congress and Love Quarrels.
In the pleasure-room, decorated with flowers, and fragrant
with perfumes, attended by his friends and servants, the citizen
should receive the woman, who will come bathed and
dressed, and will invite her to take refreshment and to drink
freely. He should then seat her on his left side, and holding
her hair, and touching also the end and knot of her garment,
he should gently embrace her with his right arm. They
should then carry on an amusing conversation on various
subjects, and may also talk suggestively of things which
would be considered as coarse, or not to be mentioned generally
in society. They may then sing, either with or without
gesticulations, and play on musical instrument, talk about
the arts, and persuade each other to drink. At last when the
woman is overcome with love and desire, the citizen should
dismiss the people that may be with him, giving them flowers,
ointments, and betel leaves, and then when the two are left
alone, they should proceed as has been already described in
the previous chapters.
Such is the beginning of sexual union. At the end of
the congress, the lovers, with modesty, and not looking at
each other, should go separately to the washing-room. After
this, sitting in their own places, they should eat some betel
leaves, and the citizen should apply with his own hand to
the body of the woman some pure sandal wood ointment, or
ointment of some other kind. He should then embrace her
with his left arm, and with agreeable words should cause
her to drink from a cup held in his own hand, or he may
give her water to drink. They can then eat sweetmeats, or
anything else, according to their liking, and may drink fresh
juice,* soup, gruel, extracts of meat, sherbet, the juice of
mangoe fruits, the extract of the juice of the citron tree mixed
with sugar, or anything that may be liked in different countries,
and known to be sweet, soft, and pure. The lovers may
also sit on the terrace of the palace or house, and enjoy the
moonlight, and carry on an agreeable conversation. At this
time, too, while the woman lies in his lap, with her face
towards the moon, the citizen should show her the different
planets, the morning star, the polar star, and the seven Rishis
or Great Bear.
This is the end of sexual union.
Congress is of the following kinds, viz. :
Congress of subsequent love.
Congress of artificial love.
Congress of transferred love.
Congress like that of eunuchs.
Congress of spontaneous love,
(i) When a man and a woman, who have been in love
with each other for some time, come together with great difficulty,
or when one of the two returns from a journey, or is
reconciled after having been separated on account of a quarrel,
then congress is called the "loving congress." It is carried
on according to the liking of the lovers, and as long as they
(2) When two persons come together, while their love
for each other is still in its infancy, their congress is called
the "congress of subsequent love."
(3) When a man carries on the congress by exciting himself
by means of the sixty-four ways, such as kissing, etc., etc.,
or when a man and a woman come together, though in reality
they are both attached to different persons, their congress is
then called "congress of artificial love." At this time all the
ways and means mentioned in the Kama Shastra should be
(4) When a man, from the beginning to the end of the
congress, though having connection with the woman, thinks
all the time that he is enjoying another one whom he loves,
it is called the "congress of transferred love."
(5) Congress between a man and a female water carrier
or a female servant of a caste lower than his own, lasting
only until the desire is satisfied, is called "congress like that
of eunuchs." Here external touches, kisses, and manipulations
are not to be employed.
(6) The congress between a courtezan and a rustic, and
that between citizens and the women of villages, and bordering
countries, is called "deceitful congress."
(7) The congress that takes place between two persons
who are attached to one another, and which is done according
to their own liking is called "spontaneous congress."
Thus end the kinds of congress.
We shall now speak of love quarrels.
A woman who is very much in love with a man cannot
bear to hear the name of her rival mentioned, or to have any
conversation regarding her, or to be addressed by her name
through mistake. If such takes place, a great quarrel arises,
and the woman cries, becomes angry, tosses her hair about,
strikes her lover, falls from her bed or seat, and, casting aside
her garlands and ornaments, throws herself down on the
At this time, the lover should attempt to reconcile her
with conciliatory words, and should take her up carefully
and place her on her bed. But she, not replying to his questions,
and with increased anger, should bend down his head
by pulling his hair, and having kicked him once, twice, or
thrice on his arms, head, bosom or back, should then proceed
to the door of the room. Dattaka says that she should then
sit angrily near the door and shed tears, but should not go
out, because she would be found fault with for going away.
After a time, when she thinks that the conciliatory words
and actions of her lover have reached their utmost, she should
then embrace him, talking to him with harsh and reproachful
words, but at the same time showing a loving desire for
When the woman is in her own house, and has quarrelled
with her lover, she should go to him and show how angry
she is, and leave him. Afterwards the citizen having sent the
Vita,^ the Vidushaka* or the Pithamurda* to pacify her, she
should accompany them back to the house, and spend the
night with her lover.
Thus end the love quarrels.
A man, employing the sixty-four means mentioned by
Babhravya, obtains his object, and enjoys the woman of the
first quality. Though he may speak well on other subjects,
if he does not know the sixty-four divisions, no great respect
is paid to him in the assembly of the learned. A man, devoid
of other knowledge, but well acquainted with the sixtyfour
divisions, becomes a leader in any society of men and
women. What man will not respect the sixty-four parts, t
considering they are respected by the learned, by the cunning,
and by the courtezans. As the sixty- four parts are respected,
are charming, and add to the talent of women, they are called
by the Acharyas dear to women. A man skilled in the sixtyfour
parts is looked upon with love by his own wife, by the
wives of others, and by courtezans.