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You are here:Open notes-->Syllabus-->VTU-SYLLABUS-2010-Civil-FLUID-MECHANICS-10CV35-Engineering

**VTU SYLLABUS 2010 (Civil) FLUID MECHANICS [10CV35] Engineering**

**10 CV 35 FLUID MECHANICS**

**Sub. Code: 10CV 35 IA Marks: 25**

**Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours: 03**

**Total Hrs: 52 Exam Marks: 100**

**PART-A**

UNIT-1: BASIC PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS

Introduction, Definiton of Fluid, Systems of units, properties of

fluid: Mass density, Specific weight, Specific gravity, Specific

volume, Viscosity, Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface tension,&

Capillarity. Newton’s law of viscosity (theory &

problems).Capillary rise in a vertical tube and between two

plane surfaces (theory & problems). 06 Hrs.

UNIT-2: PRESSURE AND ITS MEASUREMENT

Definition of pressure, Pressure at a point, Pascal’s law,

Variation of pressure with depth. Types of pressure. Vapour

pressre. Measurement of pressure using a simple, differential &

inclined manometers (theory & problems). Introduction to

Mechanical and electronic pressure measuring devices.

07 Hrs.

UNIT-3: HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE ON SURFACES

Basic definitions, equations for hydrostatic force and depth of

centre of pressure for Vertical and inclined submerged laminae

(plane and curved )- Problems. 06 Hrs

UNIT-4: KINEMATICS OF FLOW

Introduction, methods of describing fluid motion, definitions of

types of fluid flow, streamline, pathline, streamtube. Three

dimensional continuity equation in Cartesian Coordinates (

derivation and problems ). General Continuity equation (

problems ). Velocity potential, Stream function, Equipotential

line, Stream line- problems, Physical concepts of

Streamfunction. Introduction to flow net.

07 Hrs

**PART-B**

UNIT-5: DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW

Introduction, Energy possessed by a fluid body. Euler’s equation

of motion along a streamline and Bernoulli’s equation.

Assumptions and limitations of Bernoulli’s equation. Problems

on applications of Bernoulli’s equation (with and without

losses). Introduction to kinetic energy correction factor.

Momentum equation problems on pipe bends.

07 Hrs

UNIT-6: PIPE FLOW

Introduction, losses in pipe flow,. Darcy-Weisbach equation for

head loss due to friction in a pipe. Pipes in series, pipes in

parallel, equivalent pipe-problems. Minor losses in pipe flow,

equation for head loss due to sudden expansion- problems.

Water hammer in pipes, equation for pressure rise due to gradual

12

valve closure & sudden closure for rigid and elastic pipesproblems.

07 Hrs

UNIT-7: DEPTH AND VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS

Introduction, Measurement of depth, point & hook gauges, self

recording gauges. Staff gauge, Weight gauge, float gauge.

Measurement of velocity- single and double gauges, pitot tube,

Current meter- Problems.

06 Hrs

UNIT-8: DISCHARGE MEASUREMENTS

Introduction, Venturimeter, Orificemeter, Rotometer,

Venturiflume, Triangular notch, Rectangular notch, Cipolletti

notch, Ogee weir and Broad crested weir, Small orifices-

Problems. 06 Hrs

**TEXT BOOKS:**

1. ‘A TextBook of Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic

Machines’- R.K.Rajput, S.Chand & Co, New Delhi,

2006 Edition.

2. ‘Principles of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines’-

N.Narayana Pillai, Universities Press(India),

Hyderabad,2009 Edition.

3. ‘ Fluid Mechanics and Turbomachines’- Madan Mohan

Das, PHI Learning Pvt. Limited, New Delhi. 2009

Edition.

**REFERENCE BOOKS:**

1. ‘ Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics’ – Bruce R. Munson,

Donald F.Young, Theodore H. Okiishi, Wiley India, New

Delhi, 2009 Edition.

2. ‘Introduction To Fluid Mechanics’ – Edward j.

Shaughnessy,jr; Ira m. Katz:; James p Schaffer, Oxford

University Press, New Delhi, 2005 Edition.

3. ‘ Text Book Of Fluid Mechanics& Hydralic Machines’-

R.K.Bansal, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2008

Edition.

4. ‘Fluid Mechanics’ – Streeter, Wylie, Bedford New Delhi,

2008(Ed)