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You are here:Open notes-->Photoshop-->Creating-an-hour-glass-in-photoshop

Creating an hour glass in photoshop

How to study this subject

What you値l be creating

Hourglasses are common elements in print and web design. You will find them everywhere in various forms. They used as a symbol of time or passing of time. To create this image of an hourglass, we値l start by creating shapes, then edit them to the hourglass shape. Next, we値l add shadows and lighting to create the glossy surface of glass and wood. Finally, we値l finish it up with a custom-made sand with Noise filter and use the Fibers filter to create the wood texture for the base and stands. You値l need Photoshop CS3 or newer to follow this tutorial.


Step 1

Open a new file (File > New) in Adobe Photoshop with the following settings. Save the file as 滴ourglass.psd. During work remember to frequently use File > Save (Ctrl/Cmd + S) to save and update the file.


Step 2

We need the Info Panel to create the hourglass shape precisely. Go to Window > Info to turn it on. In the Info Panel click on the + sign besides the X and Y coordinates and select Pixels as your unit. Then select the Rectangle Tool from the Toolbox and change the Foreground color to #808080. Go to the Option Bar above and select 撤ath if it is not already selected. Then drag a 164 x 235 pixel rectangle like the below screen shot. Rename the layer to 敵lass upper.


Step 3

Take the Path Selection Tool and drag a selection around the rectangle to select it. Four selected Anchor Points are now visible like black solid squares. Select Pen Tool and add eight Anchor Points on the selected path of the rectangle by clicking on it. In the image below red dots indicate where you have to click to insert anchor points. Next we will edit the points to change the rectangle shape into the upper portion of the hourglass.


Step 4

We will edit the points with Convert Anchor Point Tool and Direct Selection Tool. With Convert Anchor Point Tool, we will extend handles from Anchor point. Also it is helpful for creating spiky or angular shapes. Direct Selection Tool help us to rotate and move the Points. Direct Selection tool is good for creating or shaping curve shapes. Delete the two bottom corner points of the rectangle. This will help to create the neck portion of the upper hourglass. Practice with Anchor Point editing to refine your shape more.


Step 5

RT-click on the 敵lass upper layer and select Duplicate layer. In the Duplicate layer option box type 敵lass lower then click OK. Then Edit > Transform Path > Flip Vertical. Position the shape of the 敵lass lower layer like the image below. This is the lower portion of the hourglass.


Step 6

Double click on the 敵lass lower layer to open the Layer Style window. Create a Gradient Overlay like shown in the image below.


Step 7

RT-click on the Layer Style symbol of the 敵lass lower layer and select Copy Layer Style. Then RT-click on the 敵lass upper layer and select Paste Layer Style. Double click on the 敵lass upper layer to open the Layer Style window. Check the Reverse option at the right side of the gradient bar in the Gradient Overlay.


Step 8

Again double click on the 敵lass lower to open the Layer Style window. In the left side Blending Option: Custom should be selected, which is the first category. In the right side check Blend Interior Effects as Group. Then reduce the Fill Opacity to 35%. By checking this option we are ensuring that reduction of Fill Opacity will not effect the layer style opacity. This will give the glass a transparent look. Do the same for 敵lass upper layer.


Step 9

Select both 敵lass upper and 敵lass lower layers. Then Layer > New > Group from Layers. Rename the group to 敵lass upr + lwr.


Step 10

Click on the Background layer and create a new layer on top of it by clicking the Create a new layer button in the Layers Panel. Name this new layer 釘g grd then double click on it to open the Layer Style window. Match the layer style settings from the images below. First the Inner Shadow.


Inner Glow settings:


Gradient Overlay settings:


Step 11

Click on the 敵lass upr + lwr group and expand it by again clicking on the arrow at the left side. Now CTRL-click on 敵lass upper layer to select. Collapse the group by again clicking on the arrow. Layer > New > Group to create a new group on top of that. Rename this group to 敵lass upr highlights + shadows. Click on Create a new layer button in the Layers Panel to create a new layer within this group. Rename this layer to 敵lass upper shadow edge 1″. Fill this layer with Black (#000000).


Step 12

Selection still active, Select > Modify > Contract. Type 2 pixels in the Contract by field the click OK. Again Select > Modify > Feather and type 2 pixels in the Feather Radius field then click OK.


Step 13

Press Delete key to delete the selected area. The Feather is creating a nice fading effect from the edge.Change the layer opacity to 30


Step 14

Again CTRL-click on 敵lass upper layer to select. Then create new layer on top of 敵lass upper shadow edge 1″ with the name 敵lass upper shadow edge 2″. Select > Modify > Contract with a value of 6 pixels.


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