Answer the following question briefly What are the controls affecting the climate of India CBSE Geography Class 9 NCERT Solutions
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Answer the following question briefly: What are the controls affecting the climate of India? - CBSE Geography Class 9 NCERT Solutions

Book: Contemporary India - 1
Chapter 4: Climate


By:Aparna-Dasgupta

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 The controls affecting the climate of India are: latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents and relief features.
Latitude: Nearly half of India, lies south of the Tropic of Cancer, while the rest, lies in the sub-tropics.
The climate therefore has characteristics of tropical as well as subtropical climates.
Altitude: To the north are mountains with an average height of 6,000 metres. India also has a vast coastal area with maximum elevation of 30 metres. The difference in altitudes results in different climatic conditions in the country.
Relief features: The Himalayas prevent the cold winds from Central Asia entering the subcontinent resulting in milder winters. the three water bodies surrounding India also have a moderating effect on its climate.
Pressure and Winds: The climate is also affected by pressure and surface winds, upper air circulation, Western cyclonic disturbances and tropical cyclones.

milan-ransingh

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