The three dimensional attack on poverty adopted by the government has not succeeded in poverty alleviation in India Comment Economics CBSE class 11 ncert

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The three-dimensional attack on poverty adopted by the government has not succeeded in poverty alleviation in India. Comment. -Economics CBSE class 11 ncert

Book: Indian Economic Development
Chapter 4: Poverty
 (NCERT textbook questions)


By:Aparna-Dasgupta

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Three dimensions of the government approach to reduce poverty:
Economic growth-oriented approach: This approach anticipated that the indicators of economic growth such as gross domestic product and per capita income will affect all sections of society. Growth of GDP will be an appropriate solution to overcome the problem of poverty. This will generate new employment opportunities and thus more workers will find jobs in farms and factories.
Specific poverty alleviation programme: Policy makers made an attempt to increase income and employment for the poor through poverty alleviation programmes.   
Providing minimum basic amenities of the poor: This approach focused on providing minimum basic amenities to the poor such as food, housing, education and health facilities. 
The government was not successful in poverty alleviation through the three-dimensional approach because of the following reasons:
Although various initiatives were taken by the government to alleviate poverty, hunger and malnourishment,  there is lack of basic amenities and educational facilities in many regions of India.
The amount of resources allocated for poverty alleviation programmes was not sufficient to cope with the magnitude of the poverty level in India.
Unequal distribution of income, corruption and mismanagement of poverty alleviation programmes created obstacles in the process of removing poverty in India.
Thus, employment generation, economic growth and poverty alleviation programmes failed to alleviate poverty in India. Government policies failed to tackle the majority of vulnerable groups.

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