What type of federation does India have How it is different from that of USA civics class 10 cbse

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What type of federation does India have? How it is different from that of USA? -civics-class 10-cbse

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1)The Constitution of US is very rigid than the Indian Constitution
The Constitution of US is very precise and rigid running into only a few pages, whereas the Constitution of India is very bulky containing as many as XXII parts, 395 articles, and ten schedules. Since the US Constitution is very rigid, the provisions meant for amending the Constitution are also very rigid and more formal. The US Constitution has been amended only 27 times. Whereas, the Indian Constitution, which came into force in the year 1950, has so far been amended 94 times. Therefore, it is easy to amend the Indian
2) While the US has the Presidential form of Government, India has the Parliamentary form of Government
in the US, the President is the head of the state and so his government is popularly referred as the Presidential form of government. India, on the other hand, has a Parliamentary form of Government as the Prime Minister with his cabinet exercises real power with the President being only a nominal head. The President of US holds office for a period of four years while the Indian Prime Minister holds power for five years as long as his political party enjoys a majority in the Lok Sabha. While the US follows the bi-party system, India has a multi-party system and a complicated process of election.
4) Differences in the judicial system between US and India
US being a developed country have an advanced judicial system. The judicial system of India is however rapidly developing. A Judge in the US holds office as long as he is capable of performing his duties. Indian Constitution on the other hand states that a District judge holds his post till the age of 58, a High Court judge holds till the age of 62 and a Supreme court Judge retires at the age of 65.
5)  Difference in citizenship
The Constitution of India recognises single citizenship. On the other hand, USA Constitution provides for a double citizenship that is a US citizen can have citizenship of two countries, USA and some other country.


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