Explain the concept of stress
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Explain the concept of stress.

Explain the concept of stress.


By:Jessika-K

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This introductory chapter defines and explains the concept of stress, the terminology, its types, and its impact on organization & individual. The chapter is divided into five sections for the purpose of detailed, sound and scientific enquiry to develop a conceptual
understanding about stress and its impact.
BASIC CONCEPT OF STRESS:
The use of terminology “Stress” in our daily conversation has increases. Though we all talk so much about stress but it often isn’t clear what stress really is about all? We are well aware with some terms which are used synonymously for stress. These terms are stress, strain, conflict, burnout, depression and pressure. Many people consider stress is something that happens to them, an event such as a harm or encouragement. Whereas others think stress is what happens to our bodies, psyche and our behaviour in response to an event. When something happens to us, we as a reflex action start evaluating the situation mentally. We try to come to a decision, if it is threatening to us, how we need to deal with the situation and what skills and strategies we can use. If we come to conclusions that the demands of the situation overshadow the skills we have, then we label the circumstances as “stressful” and need to react it with the classic “stress response”. If we trust that our coping skills prevail over the demands of the situation, then we don’t see it as “stressful”. Some situations in life are stress-provoking, but they are our thoughts about situations that determine whether they are a problem to us or not. How we 2 look it and perceive a stress-inducing event and how we react to it determines its impact on our health. If we respond in a negative way our health and happiness suffer. When we understand ourselves and our reactions to stress-provoking situations, we can learn to handle stress more effectively.
Stress may be understood as a state of tension experienced by individuals facing extraordinary demands, constraints or opportunities. The pressures of modern life, coupled with the demands of a job, can lead to emotional imbalances that are collectively labeled ‘Stress’. However, stress is not always unpleasant. Stress is the spice of life and the absence of stress makes life dull, monotonous and spiritless. 
While no definition of stress has been universally accepted, three common classes of definition are as follows: one is a stimulus, an environmental event, usually a threat, that affects the body in complex ways; in this interpretation, stress is referred to as a “stressor”, one that evokes complex reactions of the various systems of the body. A second definition is that stress is a bodily reaction to stressors; consequently, complex interaction of systems of the body can result in deleterious consequences to those systems and organs to the point of a person becoming “stressed out”; and serious illness can follow. This class fits Hans Selye’s definition of stress as the nonspecific response of the body to any demand. The demands, Hans Selye (1978/1956) held, can be positive ones (Eustress) or negative ones (Distress). A third type is an interactive one between environmental events (stressors) and bodily reactions such that stressors affect systems of the body and the resulting behaviour feeds back to affect the environmental stressors. However, they can also lead in complex ways to a variety of mental or physical problems. To a scientist, stress is any action or situation that places special physical or psychological demands upon a person, anything that can unbalance his individual equilibrium. And while the physiological response to such a demand is surprisingly
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uniform, the forms of stress are innumerable. Stress may be unconscious like the
noise of a city or the daily chore of driving a car. Perhaps the one incontestable
statement that can be made about stress is that it belongs to everyone to businessmen
and professors, to mother and their children, to factory workers. Stress is a part of the
fabric of life. Nothing can isolate stress from human beings as is evident from various
researches and studies. Stress can be managed but not simply done away with.
Today, widely accepted ideas about stress are challenged by new research, and
conclusions once firmly established may be turned completely around. The latest
evidence suggested (Ogden Tanner, 1979) reveals, some stress is necessary to the
well being and a lack can be harmful. Stress definitely causes some serious ailments.
Severe stress makes people accident-prone.

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